How to prevent a drilling disaster at the depths of the ocean.
It’s an issue that’s been brewing for years as the industry grapples with an explosion in seismic activity in the Western Australian waters.
The region is home to more than 40,000 offshore oil and gas companies, but it’s also been rocked by the collapse of an underground rock drilling technique that had been producing oil and natural gas for decades.
In April this year, an oil platform in the Perth suburb of South Perth was damaged by a drilling error and is still operating today.
Its owners have been fined more than $10 million and more than 50 workers have been injured.
But what if there was no accident?
There are many ways to prevent or reduce a drilling mishap in the ocean, from installing redundant equipment to taking action to avoid or mitigate the risk.
What you need to know about oil and oil drilling technology The world of offshore drilling technology is evolving rapidly, with many new technologies introduced to the industry to tackle problems.
Some of the biggest developments are the introduction of seismic detection and response (SSDR) technology, which can detect oil or gas well depth and alert authorities within seconds, and the introduction and use of high-volume hydraulic fracturing (HVF) for horizontal drilling.
Hydraulic fracturing involves injecting water, sand and chemicals into rock formations to fracture the rock.
A HVF wellhead is a drill bit and the horizontal drilling rig attached to it.
It typically has three to five horizontal wells, but is also used to drill down to depths of less than 20 metres.
These technologies have been in use for decades and are now gaining in popularity, with oil and chemicals being extracted from shale rock formations.
SSDR technology involves monitoring seismic signals from the wellhead, then monitoring the resulting seismic signals with sensors attached to the well head, which are then used to alert operators.
HSV technology involves using high-pressure fluids to extract oil and other substances from shale rocks.
Another method of drilling involves using drilling equipment that can be mounted on top of the rock and the water pressure can be applied to the drill bit to fracture it.
At the moment, oil and fracking technology is still very much in its infancy, but a study conducted by researchers at the Australian National University found that many of the existing technologies could be adapted to the ocean to improve safety and reduce seismic damage.
While some have seen the benefits of technology like SSDR and HVFR, others have expressed concerns over the potential risks of drilling in the depths.
Professor Michael Cusimano from the University of New South Wales, who co-authored the study, said the study highlighted the need to “think beyond the usual problems of drilling.”
“The risk to the marine environment from the increased volume of the oil and/or gas being produced is significant, as is the potential for oil and hydraulic fracturing to be detrimental to the reef, especially as the technology matures,” he said.
Drilling equipment and equipment systems in the area have to be designed for the ocean depth and depth of the well, which may be difficult to achieve.
As oil and gases are extracted from the rock, they must be transported to a processing facility, which takes time, increasing the risk of contamination.
“We’ve seen this in the past when seismic detection systems were introduced, and this is why we need to be very careful when deploying these new technologies, as well as considering the impacts of any accidents to the environment and marine life,” he added.
How to avoid an oil drilling disaster in the bottom OFEARAR: How to find out if your well is safe to drill below the surface of the water and where to find alternative sources of oil and water Source: ABC News A spokesperson for the company said: “While our safety and operating procedures are continually reviewed, we take all risks seriously and we regularly monitor the conditions of our sites to ensure that our operators are operating safely.”
Professor CusImano said while the technology was in its early stages, he was concerned that companies were introducing equipment that would not work well in the shallow waters of the oceans.
He said that even though the technology has been around for decades, it was still evolving and that the technology could be used in the future to protect marine life.
Mr McBride said the company’s operators were currently operating in the “very rough” conditions in which the oil platform was located.
“In some of our regions, the oil platforms are being drilled at depths of as much as 100 metres, and that means the bottom has to be dug, which means the depth of our well is limited,” he told ABC Radio Perth.
There is an increased need for technology in areas where oil and the related water are extracted, such as the North West.